This section discusses how mining activities adversely affect
the environment, how acid mine drainage is formed, and gives
a brief introduction to mineland restoration.
This section discusses how and why we mine, the environmental
impacts caused by mining, and the ways we can mitigate the
environmental impacts of mining.
This section discusses how sampling is used for assessment,
prediction, restoration, and monitoring. It discusses sampling
methods for solids (i.e. tailings and waste rock), groundwater,
surface water, vegetation, and other biota.
This section discusses the importance of quality assurance
and quality control (QA/QC) to the accuracy and repeatability
of analytical methods.
This section discusses the importance of predicting acid mine
drainage production at a site. It discusses the different
methods used for prediction, how prediction can prevent many
environmental problems, and how regulatory agencies use prediction
information to aid in permitting decisions.
This section discusses the federal laws governing site reclamation
and which government agencies enforce the laws. It gives the
reader an idea of what legally triggers a clean up and how
regulations play a role in reclamation activities.
This section discusses the analytical methods used to measure
various chemical and physical parameters of interest such
as copper, lead, acidity, pH, and particle size distribution.
This section discusses the importance of mapping, photography,
site history information, and site description information
including locations of important landmarks, geology, hydrology,
geo-hydrology, soil characteristics, etc. This information
is used to develop sampling plans and to aid in the selection
of reclamation alternatives that will best restore a site
back to its original state before mining activities were initiated.
Technologies For Project
This section discusses the technologies used for mineland
restoration. It discusses all activities that may be involved
in restoring a mine site to its original state before mining
activities were initiated.
For Monitoring and Assessment
This section discusses the importance of post-reclamation
monitoring and assessment for determining the success of reclamation
activities. Does the reclamation design meet expected environmental
standards? Or is contamination still being produced?